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Viewing entries from category: AQA A Level English Literature A

A Level Teacher’s Guide to T. S. Eliot’s Poem The Waste Land »

Paul Merrell | Monday April 14, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Poetry, Eliot, The Waste Land, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development

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I love teaching this text; in fact, I see it as one of the most versatile (and important) things that I deliver across all of my KS5 classes – be it A Level, Pre-U or on the IB.

I know Eliot’s poetry appears in various forms across a wide range of specifications and courses, but I more often than not teach this poem as either a comparative coursework text or, more generally, as key AO4 information for any Modernist writer. I don’t know how, for example, you could prepare a class on Waugh’s A Handful of...

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An AQA English Literature LTA1A Guide: Victorian Literature »

David Dunford | Friday April 04, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Brontes, Clare, Tennyson, Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Poetry Analysis

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Distant though the Victorian era may seem to most young people today, it is of enormous importance in being the origin of many of the things we now take for granted – in terms of technological development, changes in society and in attitudes and beliefs. It was a period of massive changes, which many people resisted or tried to ignore. Not surprisingly, many writers tried to draw the public’s attention to their significance.

  • The effects of the Industrial Revolution; growth of cities and agricultural...
[ read full article ] »

AQA English Literature LTA1C Guide: The Struggle for Identity in Modern Literature »

David Dunford | Thursday April 03, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Poetry, Angelou, And Still I Rise, Duffy, Feminine Gospels, Sheers, Skirrid Hill, Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, Poetry Analysis

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What is modern? Strictly since 1900, but most of the texts you study are more recent than that.
Why then? It was the start of more general questioning of attitudes previously assumed to be true. (WW1 was a major catalyst).
What attitudes?

  • Race:  White races superior to all others (and British to be chosen by God to lead the world). British Empire. (Also ethnic or tribal conflict in other areas).
  • Gender: Men to be the breadwinners, the leaders in politics, church, business; women the home makers.
  • Sexuality:...
[ read full article ] »

AQA English Literature A: LTA1B World War One Literature »

David Dunford | Wednesday April 02, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Poetry, World War One, Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, Poetry Analysis

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There can be little doubt why so much has been – and continues to be - written about WW1, both at the time and in the nearly 100 years since it began. Perhaps the reasons can be divided into two groups.

No conflict like it had ever occurred before:

  • The numbers of people involved.
  • The appalling conditions, particular on the Western Front.
  • The growing sense of waste and futility.
  • The loss of vast numbers, sometimes significant parts of a community, with few signs of progress.
  • The sense that some people profited...
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An AQA/Edexcel A Level Teacher’s Guide to Restoration Comedy »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday April 02, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB2, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, 6ET02, Hot Entries, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development

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Relevance for Syllabuses:

AQA LITA3 Love Through the Ages
Restoration Comedy is a key movement in the study of the theme of love in literature, partly because of its historical context in the history of theatre (women now allowed on stage), and partly because of its translation of romantic love into ‘realistic’ plots. It also sets up some of the key conventions which continue through to the present day.

AQA LITB2 Dramatic Genres
The current dramatic genre for the AS coursework in AQA LITB is ‘comedy’....

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A Guide to OCR A2 F663 Section B (from 2013): Drama and Poetry Pre-1800 »

Paul Merrell | Tuesday April 01, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, F663, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Drama, The Rivals, Hot Entries, Poetry, Chaucer, The Wife of Bath's Tale, The Wife of Bath's Prologue, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development, Writing, Comparing & Contrasting, Drama Analysis, Poetry Analysis

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The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale with Comparative Notes for Sheridan’s The Rivals

Introduction

This guide covers Chaucer’s The Wife of Bath, both the Prologue and Tale, and focuses of the A2 OCR unit F663, Section B – but the guide should prove very useful to anyone teaching these Chaucer texts for any other exam board. The OCR unit itself requires a comparison with another text, and in this guide, that text is Sheridan’s The Rivals – thus, teachers will find much that is useful for this play here...

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AQA LTA1a Victorian Literature Unseen: Texts in Context The Gentleman »

Alan Gleave | Monday March 31, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Prose, Analysing Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Prose Analysis

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“The Gentleman” Part 1

The following is one of a series of lessons aimed at helping students to improve their preparation for the unseen element in their AQA LITA1a exam unit: Victorian Literature. There will be two lessons based upon one text this time, this being Part 1.

The passage below is taken from a university lecture given by the eminent Victorian, John Henry Newman – academic, churchman, and since July 2012, Catholic saint!
It deals with the ideal of ‘The Gentleman’.

The concept of ‘the...

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A Level English Literature Guide to T S Eliot’s Poem The Waste Land »

Theresa Sowerby | Monday March 31, 2014

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Poetry, Eliot, The Waste Land, Teaching Ideas, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development

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The following is not a detailed study guide to the whole text of The Waste Land but a number of suggestions about how to tackle this often truly exciting yet notoriously challenging text so as to enable students to answer effectively on it without becoming overwhelmed by real or preconceived difficulties. The guide would be suited to many A level English Literature courses (AQA, WJEC, OCR or Edexcel).

Introducing the Poem

Readers will usually respond more fruitfully if they have some prior experience of Eliot’s...

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A GCSE English Literature Guide to The Strange Case of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde »

Chris Curtis | Monday November 18, 2013

Categories: KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA GCSE English Literature A, AQA GCSE English Literature B, EDEXCEL GCSE, EDEXCEL GCSE English Literature, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE English Literature, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE English Literature, KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Prose, The Strange Case of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis

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The Really Strange Case of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde

For readers today The Strange Case of Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde, is far from being a shocking story that induces both fear and terror into our beating hearts. It’s a story whose effects have been diluted by modern graphic media content, constant repetition and simplified interpretations over the years since it was first published in1888. We know the story so well that it even features in popular cartoons like ‘Scooby Doo’ and ‘Tom and Jerry’: it can’t...

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An A Level Guide to Context »

Steve Campsall | Friday November 15, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language A, AQA A Level English Language B, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Language, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Language, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Language, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Writing, Contextual Research

Teacher’s Note

Below is an EnglishEdu Student Guide that will, hopefully, help your own students to a deeper and useful understanding of the key idea of context. Many students struggle with this concept which, along with purpose, audience and genre must surely rank as one of the four key aspects of all texts; indeed, it could be argued that, along with the individual writer or speaker of a text, context is the main aspect of central concern as, from these two, all others flow. With that in mind, this guide also touches on purpose, audience...

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A Level English Literature Guide to Unit 4 LITA4 »

Ruth Owen | Monday November 11, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA4, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Literature, Drama, A Street Car Named Desire, Hamlet, Measure For Measure, Othello, Hot Entries, Prose, Enduring Love, Notes on a Scandal, Revolutionary Road, Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Shakespeare, Shakespeare's Plays, Writing, Analytical Writing, Essays, Literary Analysis

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LITA4 Extended Essay and Shakespeare Study

This unit of study provides an excellent opportunity to explore the theme of love through literature, which is also the topic of your examined unit, Unit 3, LITA3

You are required to write a sustained essay on three texts of your own choice, one of which must be a play by Shakespeare. The three texts must be linked by either the theme of ‘Love through the Ages’ or by any other theme of your own choice but agreed with your teacher.

The two texts other than the...

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A Students’ Guide to Writing an Effective A Level Essay »

Steve Campsall | Friday October 25, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language A, AQA A Level English Language B, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Language, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Writing, Analytical Writing, Essays

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Teacher’s Note

What follows is a guide written for students that, I hope, will help them write more effective essays. Even an essay that gains a lowly grade will often be the result of a substantial amount of time and effort from the student; and the chances are that he or she felt all along that their writing was ‘going wrong’ somehow – but press on they must, on to what must at times seem like the bitter end. How frustrating and perhaps even belittling this process can be for the student – and how much, too, it likely reduces that...

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AQA LTA1a Victorian Literature Unseen: Ruskin on Railways Two »

Alan Gleave | Thursday October 17, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Prose, Analysing Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Analytical Writing, Descriptive Writing, Prose Analysis

John Ruskin’s (1819-1900) Open Letter on Railway-Building: Lesson Two




AQA LTA1a Victorian Literature Unseen: Ruskin on Railways One »

Alan Gleave | Thursday October 17, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Prose, Analysing Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Analytical Writing, Descriptive Writing, Prose Analysis

John Ruskin’s (1819-1900) Open Letter on Railway-Building: Lesson One




AQA LTA1a Victorian Literature Unseen: Laws Concerning Women Two »

Alan Gleave | Thursday October 17, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis

“Laws concerning Women” by Barbara Bodichon – Lesson 2




AQA LTA1a Victorian Literature Unseen: Laws Concerning Women One »

Alan Gleave | Tuesday October 15, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, Hot Entries, Prose, Victorian Literature, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis

“Laws concerning Women” by Barbara Bodichon – Lesson 1




A Level English Literature Guide to Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey »

Victoria Elliott | Monday May 20, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3, Hot Entries, Prose, Analysing Prose, Northanger Abbey, Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis

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Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

Specifications and Assessment Objectives

AQA English Literature A A2 Unit 3 Reading for Meaning: Love through the Ages Examination

Content

Candidates should read at least three texts in order to prepare for a paper which will contain unprepared passages for close study, comparison and critical commentary.

The topic for this unit is Love Through the Ages. ‘Love’ will include romantic love but will not be restricted to that...

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A Guide to Love Through The Ages »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday April 16, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, Drama, Hot Entries, Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Prose, Writing, Analytical Writing, Drama Analysis, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, Prose Analysis

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Guide Navigation

1. Studying For The Exam
2. Examples From Literature
3. About The Exam
4. Further Reading
5. The Examination

Studying For The Exam

The title of this AQA A2 Unit is Reading for Meaning – Love through the Ages. It is worth taking a moment to consider the significance of the title. What are your thoughts? What ‘meaning’ exactly is the exam asking you to elicit? Is your interpretation of what a text means necessarily the same as someone else’s?

“Meaning” is created when language works to signify a response in...

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A Level English Guide to T. S. Eliot: Grouping The Poems - Key Features »

Theresa Sowerby | Tuesday April 02, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Poetry, Eliot, Portrait of a Lady, The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock, Preludes, Rhapsody on a Windy Night, Writing, Analytical Writing, Poetry Analysis

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Guide Navigation

  1. Introduction
  2. A Guide to Reading Four Early Poems
  3. Grouping The Poems - Key Features

Grouping the Poems – Key Features

There are a number of recurring motifs and poetic techniques within Eliot’s poems. The following is a brief roundup of the salient features which link the poems discussed above:

  • Mallarme on symbolism: Earlier poems are “deficient in mystery: they deprive the mind of the delicious joy of believing that it is creating. To name an object is to do away with ¾ of the enjoyment of...
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A Level English Guide to T. S. Eliot: A Guide to Reading Four Early Poems »

Theresa Sowerby | Tuesday April 02, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Poetry, Eliot, Portrait of a Lady, The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock, Preludes, Rhapsody on a Windy Night, Writing, Analytical Writing, Poetry Analysis

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Guide Navigation

  1. Introduction
  2. A Guide to Reading Four Early Poems
  3. Grouping The Poems - Key Features

A Guide to Reading Four Early Poems

The Poems

The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

This is a useful poem to begin with as it typifies so many features of Eliot’s style. It is useful to begin with a discussion of the title and the expectations it sets up in a reader. Most students will respond readily to the idea of a love song but may need to be reminded of period associations implied by the name. They will...

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A Level English Guide to T. S. Eliot: Introduction »

Theresa Sowerby | Tuesday April 02, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Poetry, Eliot, Portrait of a Lady, The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock, Preludes, Rhapsody on a Windy Night, Writing, Analytical Writing, Poetry Analysis

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Guide Navigation

  1. Introduction
  2. A Guide to Reading Four Early Poems
  3. Grouping The Poems - Key Features

Introduction

Introducing Eliot

Brief Biography

T.S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot was born to a middle class family in St Louis, Missouri in 1889. Although American, he was always very conscious of British literary traditions and drawn to what he saw as an important source of inspiration. In 1914 he moved to England and became a British subject in 1927. He was always interested in religion. Brought up a Unitarian...

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A Level English Literature Starters »

Beth Kemp | Monday March 11, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Starters, KS5 English Starters

This collection of lesson starters for A Level English Literature complement the collection of ‘ice breakers’ and general English starters for broad recapping ideas, word games, creative writing starters, essay skills, general terms activities and skill builders. See A Level English Starters.

General discussion prompts are useful as broad starters once in a while. Try one of these quotations to get the class thinking:

  • “Literature adds to reality. It does not simply describe it.” C. S. Lewis
  • “Poetry is the best words in the best...
[ read full article ] »

A Level English Starters »

Beth Kemp | Monday March 11, 2013

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language A, AQA A Level English Language B, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Language, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Language, OCR A Level English Literature, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Language, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Starters, KS5 English Starters

This collection of suggestions includes ice-breaker or ‘getting to know you’ ideas which are especially suitable for a new class and some broadly ‘English’ lesson starters suitable for either English Language or Literature (or the combined English Language and Literature A Level) lessons, and some specific topic-related ideas. The focus here is on suitable starters for A Level classes, as starters for lower levels and younger ages are more readily available.

Ice Breakers

Human Bingo is an old favourite which can be quite easily given...

[ read full article ] »

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein PPTs »

Sarah Knightley | Wednesday November 07, 2012

Categories: KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA GCSE English Literature A, AQA GCSE English Literature B, EDEXCEL GCSE, EDEXCEL GCSE English Literature, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE English Literature, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE English Literature, KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, AQA A Level English Language & Literature B, AQA A Level English Literature A, AQA A Level English Literature B, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Language & Literature, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Language & Literature, OCR A Level English Literature, F661, F662, WJEC A Level, WJEC A Level English Language & Literature, WJEC A Level English Literature, Hot Entries, Prose, Frankenstein, Writing, Prose Analysis

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Associated Resources

  • 1. Shelley - Frankenstein Walton’s Letters 1-4.pptx
  • 2. Shelley - Frankenstein Allusions and Victor Ch 1-4.pptx
  • 3. Shelley - Frankenstein The Birth of the Creature Ch 5-8.pptx
  • 4. Shelley - Frankenstein Families Ch 15 Focus.pptx
  • 5. Shelley - Frankenstein The Trial Ch 16-17.pptx
  • 6. Shelley - Frankenstein Female Characters Ch18-20.pptx



A Guide to Victorian Literature »

Ruth Owen | Friday October 19, 2012

Categories: Drama, Hot Entries, Media & Non-Fiction, Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Prose, Writing, Analytical Writing, Drama Analysis, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

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Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. Queen Victoria’s Reign
2. Prose
3. Poetry
4. Drama
5. Non-Fiction
6. Examination
7. Assessment Objectives, Exemplar & Contextual Linking

Queen Victoria’s Reign 1837-1901

It is impossible, in our condition of society, not to be sometimes a snob.’ William Makepeace Thackeray 1811-1863

Each class of society has its own requirements; but it may be said that every class teaches the one immediately below it; and if the highest class be ignorant, uneducated, loving display,...

[ read full article ] »

Love Through The Ages | The Examination »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 15, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, Drama, Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Prose, Writing, Analytical Writing, Drama Analysis, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, Prose Analysis

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Guide Navigation

1. Studying For The Exam
2. Examples From Literature
3. About The Exam
4. Further Reading
5. The Examination

In this examination you are required to answer two questions. There is no choice and each question carries the same number of marks – 40 for each question, so obviously you need to give them equal time and attention.

You must familiarise yourself fully with what is required of you because if you do not follow the instructions correctly you will lose marks, no matter how brilliant your wrong answer is.

So,...

[ read full article ] »

Northanger Abbey’s Language »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

Austen is well known for her mastery of free indirect discourse, her omniscient third person narration and her heavy use of irony. Northanger Abbey demonstrates all of these things, but is evidently the work of a less experienced author, despite its posthumous publication date. This is partly seen in the more intrusive authorial voice, and the clear acknowledgment of the fictional nature of the ‘fable’. Northanger Abbey is also the most intentionally...

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Northanger Abbey’s Setting »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

The novel takes place across three locations: Fullerton, Bath and Northanger Abbey itself. Fullerton, her childhood home, is the provincial setting which cannot provide an appropriate hero for Catherine to be a heroine – so she must leave.

As the eponymous location, the Abbey looms large in the reader’s mind, but is in fact the setting for less than half of the novel. It is significant in that it represents the major Gothic element of the novel,...

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Northanger Abbey’s Themes »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

Growing Up

Northanger Abbey is not a ‘Bildungsroman’ as such, although the first chapter describing Catherine’s early years does begin to approach one. It does, however, deal with the theme of growing up and reaching adulthood far more than other Austen novels, featuring a much younger heroine with far less worldly experience. The Catherine who goes to Bath, despite her amiability, is essentially a naive and unworldly girl. It is noticeable that early...

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Northanger Abbey’s Characters »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

Catherine Morland

Catherine is not a typical Gothic heroine – as Austen makes clear from the start. ‘No one who had ever seen Catherine Morland in her infancy would have supposed her born to be an heroine.’ She isn’t an orphan, she’s plain rather than pretty, she’s a tomboy, she isn’t clever, she isn’t musical and she isn’t artistic.  The first three make her an untypical Gothic heroine, and the last three make her an untypical romantic...

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Northanger Abbey’s Form »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

The Difference Between Parody and Satire

Satire is a genre, which mocks vices and follies with the intent of making a social point, and improving its target by shaming people into changing. A parody is an imitation of a specific work or type of work, with satirical or ironic intent, but aimed at the art form or text type which it imitates. Northanger Abbey is both a parody (of Gothic texts in general and The Mysteries of Udolpho in particular) and a satire...

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Northanger Abbey’s Context »

Victoria Elliott | Wednesday May 16, 2012

Categories: KS5, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3, AQA A Level English Literature B, LITB3

Guide Navigation

Overview | Context | Form
Characters | Themes | Setting | Language

The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe

An influential and immensely popular Gothic novel published in 1794, The Mysteries of Udolpho is specifically and repeatedly referenced in Northanger Abbey as one of the main influences on Catherine Morland’s impressionable imagination. The Mysteries of Udolpho features an orphan who is imprisoned by her guardian aunt’s husband, an Italian pirate, in an attempt to force her to marry his friend, rather than the...

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Aspens PPT »

Elizabeth Merrett | Friday April 27, 2012

Categories: Hot Entries, Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Thomas, Edward Thomas, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1, OCR A Level, OCR A Level English Literature, F661

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  • Aspens.ppt



A Guide to 1984 | Part 3 »

Steph Jackson | Tuesday April 17, 2012

Categories: Prose, Nineteen Eighty Four, Writing, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3

image1984 Film Artwork by Shepard Fairey

Guide Navigation

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

Areas to focus on in Part 3:

  • Chapter 1 | Winston’s imprisonment in the Ministry of Love; its description at the opening of the chapter and its contrast with conventional images of love; the lack of emotion Winston shows in relation to his mother now; Winston’s love for Julia stated as fact and then it disappears.
  • Chapter 2 | Winston clings to O’Brien; Winston’s love for O’Brien; the death of love in Winston; the betrayal by Julia.
  • Chapter 3 | Love...
[ read full article ] »

A Guide to 1984 | Part 2 »

Steph Jackson | Tuesday April 17, 2012

Categories: Prose, Nineteen Eighty Four, Writing, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3

image1984 Film Artwork by Shepard Fairey

Guide Navigation

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3

Areas on which to focus in Part 2:

  • Chapter 1 | Julia’s first message to Winston and his response; their meeting in the crowd at Victory Square.
  • Chapter 2 | Winston and Julia meet and consummate their relationship.
  • Chapter 3 | Winston and Julia meet several times; the discussion of Winston’s temptation to murder to ideologically orthodox wife, Katharine.
  • Chapter 4 | Winston’s plans to use Mr Charrington’s shop as a place for him and Julia to meet; the...
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A Guide to 1984 »

Steph Jackson | Tuesday April 17, 2012

Categories: Hot Entries, Prose, Nineteen Eighty Four, Writing, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA3

image1984 Film Artwork by Shepard Fairey

Love and Relationships in 1984

1984 is commonly studied at A Level and is often cited as a fine modern example of dystopian fiction. At the heart of the narrative lies a relationship between two characters: the protagonist, Winston Smith and his girlfriend and accomplice, known simply as Julia: this has both thematic and symbolic significance. In addition, Winston’s relationship with his mother, his colleagues, and O’Brien, and the relationship between the present and the past, are important, as well as...

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A Guide to The French Lieutenant’s Woman »

Mandy Lloyd | Monday January 30, 2012

Categories: Hot Entries, Prose, The French Lieutenant's Woman, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA4, EDEXCEL A Level, EDEXCEL A Level English Literature, 6ET01

image

AQA A Literature | Unit LITA4: ‘Literary Connections’

This novel can be chosen as a coursework text for this A2 unit.

Below is a summary of the AQA Assessment Objectives. The guide focuses on the techniques Fowles used when writing his novel, including what are called his ‘postmodern’ techniques. There are also two worked essay examples to show how you might achieve high marks in this unit.

The Assessment Objectives

It’s important thing to be aware of the assessment objectives for your piece of work or exam paper. If you know...

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Victorian Literature | Victorian Working Women »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Non-Fiction, Analysing Non-Fiction, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. London Labour and the London Poor
3. The Life of Charlotte Bronte
4. Mrs Beeton
5. Victorian Working Women

Advice

  • How does the writer express his thoughts and feelings in this extract? Look closely and comment upon language, form and structure.
  • Think of your wider reading. What could you use from your wider reading in connection with this passage?

Arthur Munby 1828-1910

Extract from Victorian Working Women

In the fork of the two railways, in a road just...

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Victorian Literature | Mrs Beeton »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Non-Fiction, Analysing Non-Fiction, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. London Labour and the London Poor
3. The Life of Charlotte Bronte
4. Mrs Beeton
5. Victorian Working Women

Advice

  • How does the writer express her thoughts and feelings in this extract? Look closely and comment upon language, form and structure.
  • Think of your wider reading. What could you use from your wider reading in connection with this passage?

Mrs. Beeton 1836-1865

Extract

I must frankly own, that if I had known beforehand, that this book would have...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | The Life of Charlotte Bronte »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Non-Fiction, Analysing Non-Fiction, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. London Labour and the London Poor
3. The Life of Charlotte Bronte
4. Mrs Beeton
5. Victorian Working Women

Advice

  • How does the writer express her thoughts and feelings in this extract? Look closely and comment upon language, form and structure.
  • Think of your wider reading. What could you use from your wider reading in connection with this passage?

The Life of Charlotte Bronte

Elizabeth Gaskell

Extract from Chapter 8

On the 29th July, 1835, Charlotte,...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | London Labour and the London Poor »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Non-Fiction, Analysing Non-Fiction, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Non-Fiction Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. London Labour and the London Poor
3. The Life of Charlotte Bronte
4. Mrs Beeton
5. Victorian Working Women

Advice

  • How does the writer express his thoughts and feelings in this extract? Look closely and comment upon language, form and structure.
  • Think of your wider reading. What could you use from your wider reading in connection with this passage?

London Labour and the London Poor

Henry Mayhew, 1852

Extract from Scavengers and Cleaners - Of The...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | The Importance of Being Earnest »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Drama, Writing, Drama Analysis, Literary Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. A Doll’s House
3. The Importance of Being Earnest

The Importance of Being Earnest

Oscar Wilde, 1895 (1854-1900)

Extract from Act 1

‘It is exquisitely trivial; a delicate bubble of fancy and it has its philosophy… that we should treat all the delicate things of life seriously, and all the serious things of life with sincere and studied triviality.’

Wilde’s own comment on his masterpiece The Importance of being Earnest.

****************

...

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Victorian Literature | A Doll’s House »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Drama, Writing, Analytical Writing, Drama Analysis, Literary Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. A Doll’s House
3. The Importance of Being Earnest

A Doll’s House

Henrik Ibsen, 1879 (1828-1906)

Extract

Nora.  Sit down here Torvald. You and I have much to say to one another.

Hel. Nora- what is this? – this cold, set face?

Nora. Sit down. It will take some time; I have a lot to talk over with you.

Hel. You alarm me Nora! And I don’t understand you.

Nora. No, that is just it. You don’t understand me and I have never understood you either –...

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Victorian Literature | Elizabeth Barrett Browning »

Ruth Owen | Tuesday October 18, 2011

Categories: Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Browning, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. Christina Rossetti
3. Thomas Hardy
4. Alfred Lord Tennyson
5. Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning

The Cry of the Children

Do ye hear the children weeping, O my brothers,
Ere the sorrow comes with years?
They are leaning their young heads against their mothers,-
And that cannot stop their tears.
The young lambs are bleating in the meadows;
The young birds are chirping in the nest;
The young fawns are playing with the shadows;
The young...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | Alfred Lord Tennyson »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 17, 2011

Categories: Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Tennyson, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. Christina Rossetti
3. Thomas Hardy
4. Alfred Lord Tennyson
5. Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Alfred Lord Tennyson

Extract from Songs

‘Now sleeps the crimson petal, now the white;
Nor waves the cypress in the palace walk;
Nor winks the gold fin in the porphyry font:
The fire-fly wakens: waken thou with me.

Now droops the milkwhite peacock like a ghost,
And like a ghost she glimmers on to me.

Now lies the earth all Danae to the stars,
And all thy heart...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | Thomas Hardy »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 17, 2011

Categories: Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Hardy, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. Christina Rossetti
3. Thomas Hardy
4. Alfred Lord Tennyson
5. Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Thomas Hardy 1840-1928

The Darkling Thrush 31 December, 1990

I leant upon a coppice gate
When frost was spectre-grey,
And Winter’s dregs made desolate
The weakening eye of day.
The tangled bine-stems scored the sky
Like strings of broken lyres,
And all mankind that haunted nigh
Had sought their household fires

The land’s sharp features seemed to be
The...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | Christina Rossetti »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 17, 2011

Categories: Poetry, Analysing Poetry, Rossetti, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Poetry Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. Christina Rossetti
3. Thomas Hardy
4. Alfred Lord Tennyson
5. Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Christina Rossetti 1830-1894

A Christmas Carol

In the bleak mid-winter
Frosty wind made moan,
Earth stood hard as iron,
Water like a stone;
Snow had fallen, snow on snow,
Snow on snow,
In the bleak mid-winter
Long ago

Our God, Heaven cannot hold Him
Nor earth sustain;
Heaven and earth shall flee away
When He comes to reign:
In the bleak mid-winter
A stable-place...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | Nicholas Nickleby »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 17, 2011

Categories: Prose, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. The Diary of a Nobody
3. Mary Barton
4. Wuthering Heights
5. David Copperfield
6. Great Expectations
7. Jane Eyre
8. Nicholas Nickleby

Nicholas Nickleby

Charles Dickens, 1838 (1812-1870)

Extract from Chapter 8

But the pupils – the young noblemen! How the last faint traces of hope, the remotest glimmering of any good to be derived from his efforts in this den, faded from the mind of Nicholas as he looked in dismay around! Pale and haggard faces,...

[ read full article ] »

Victorian Literature | Jane Eyre »

Ruth Owen | Monday October 17, 2011

Categories: Prose, Jane Eyre, Writing, Analytical Writing, Literary Analysis, Prose Analysis, AQA A Level, AQA A Level English Literature A, LITA1

image

Source: Work, Ford Madox Brown

Guide Navigation

1. A Guide to Victorian Literature
2. The Diary of a Nobody
3. Mary Barton
4. Wuthering Heights
5. David Copperfield
6. Great Expectations
7. Jane Eyre
8. Nicholas Nickleby

Jane Eyre

Charlotte Bronte, 1847 (1816-1855)

Extract from Chapter 12

Anybody may blame me who likes, when I add further that, now and then, when I took a walk by myself in the grounds; when I went down to the gates and looked through them along the road; or when, while Adele played with her nurse, and Mrs. Fairfax...

[ read full article ] »

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