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Hot Entries, Writing, Comparative Analysis, Comparing & Contrasting, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development
Several specifications require comparison: of known texts, of known with unseen texts, or of all unseen texts. These may be literary or linguistic comparisons, or there may be a requirement to combine both techniques. The activities here include ways of developing comparative skills that will benefit all of these kinds of exam and coursework tasks. Each activity has a short introduction in italics to indicate the kind of task that it is most suited as preparation and practice for. The majority of these activities are about allowing students to make comparisons between texts, while the last section is focused on helping students to develop the skill of writing comparatively.
Activities in the ‘developing analytical writing’ section will also be relevant to classes working towards comparative analysis in their exam or coursework, while the ‘practising linguistic analysis’ and ‘practising literary analysis’ sections will also hold some relevant ideas for carrying out this kind of work.
- Slips of paper indicating parts of set texts
- Large collection of texts, divided into piles
- Six texts each of different types/genres
This activity is relevant for all kinds of comparative task – set texts and/or ‘unseen’ texts.
The randomness can be achieved in different ways, depending on the demands of your specification:
- Students select one poem or short story from each collection by drawing slips of paper (cutting up the contents page is a quick and easy way of doing this). A collection of extracts from longer set texts on paper slips might also be appropriate (e.g. from ‘x’ on p.xx to ‘y’ on p.yy, or Act x scene y, lines a-b).
- Students grab one each from two (or more) piles of texts. This can be managed so that each pile has a different genre or form (e.g. for the combined lang-lit course, you might have a literature pile, a transcripts pile and a media/non-fiction texts pile etc), theme, writer or period.
- Students roll dice to determine which of six texts in each set they will work with. This way, different students will be working on the same text, but probably in combination with different texts – as long as they roll the dice for each set separately.
This is great for encouraging students to stretch and think beyond obvious comparisons. Even if their exam will not give them unrelated texts, practising with texts with no immediate link can be immensely helpful to their...[ read full article ] »
KS4, Hot Entries, Prose, Wuthering Heights, Writing, Prose Analysis
I teach some students with special needs and I found one particular technique really useful when tackling Pre-Twentieth Century Literature recently.
To put the lesson in context, I try to enter my autistic students for GCSE English examination as soon as possible.
This gets them used to the system and the particular demands of the syllabus, particularly in coursework and the examination itself.
Some students thus take the examination as early as Year 8 or Year 9 in the first instance.
Results have been remarkable with typical progressions from D, to C to B grades or E, to D to C grades over the past few years for many of my students.
I know that such achievements would not be apparent if I just allowed them to take their GCSEs solely in Year 11. For my students, familiarity does not breed contempt, it breeds success.
Below, I will exemplify one technique I have used to boost success in English with reference to Wuthering Heights.
1. First, I will show how an autistic student approached an essay on a set text.
2. Secondly I will outline my “intervention”.
3. Thirdly I will show you the end product.
This technique was used to produce a piece of GCSE coursework but it could be employed to prepare candidates for the controlled assessment too.
As is the norm with my students who initially have an aversion to text, particularly with such an intimidating tome, I used a DVD of Wuthering Heights to familiarise the students with the material.
I found the ITV 1998 version particularly useful for this purpose because it includes the Lockwood Rahmenerzählung or “frame story” found in the original novel and it proves to be very accessible by the students I teach on a daily basis with its gutsy performances.
We analysed the action in class and I spent a good deal of time discussing the infamous “Nellie, I am Heathcliff” scene, which in the novel takes place in Chapter Nine.
Realising that we needed to do a bit of VAK (visual/auditory/kinaesthetic) reinforcement of my teaching points we then “visualised” a pivot in class, using a 30cm ruler and a lump of clay. We rocked the ruler back and forth over this clay pivot and we decided that it looked a lot like a seesaw.
I then asked them to see Chapter Nine as a “pivot” in the novel, suggesting that the action up to this point was a love story, but after this PIVOTAL point it becomes more of a story...[ read full article ] »
KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA English Literature, Unit 1 Exploring Modern Texts, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE English Literature, Unit A664, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE English Literature, Unit 2b Drama and Prose , Hot Entries, Prose, Lord Of The Flies, Writing, Analytical Writing, Prose Analysis
Categories: KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA English Literature, Unit 1 Exploring Modern Texts, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE English Literature, Unit A664, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE English Literature, Unit 2b Drama and Prose , Hot Entries, Prose, Lord Of The Flies, Writing, Analytical Writing, Prose Analysis
Click on the link below to download Jo Winwood’s PowerPoint on Lord of the Flies.
KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA GCSE Generic Skills, AQA GCSE Skills Resources, EDEXCEL GCSE, Edexcel GCSE Generic Skills, Edexcel GCSE Skills Resources, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE Generic Skills, OCR GCSE Skills Resources, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE Generic Skills, WJEC GCSE Skills Resources, Writing, Essays, Persuasive Writing, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development
Categories: KS4, AQA GCSE, AQA GCSE Generic Skills, AQA GCSE Skills Resources, EDEXCEL GCSE, Edexcel GCSE Generic Skills, Edexcel GCSE Skills Resources, OCR GCSE, OCR GCSE Generic Skills, OCR GCSE Skills Resources, WJEC GCSE, WJEC GCSE Generic Skills, WJEC GCSE Skills Resources, Writing, Essays, Persuasive Writing, Teaching Ideas & Skills Development
A ‘discourse marker’ is a word or phrase that helps to link written ideas. These words are generally more formal lexical items that find little use in speech – which is perhaps why they do not always come naturally to students.
Discourse markers can be used, for example, to link ideas that are similar (e.g. the adverbs, also and similarly); and they can be used to link ideas that are dissimilar (e.g. however, alternately).
As such, this useful group of words is an essential part of a student’s writing toolkit.
They work to help create a clear structure by acting as a kind of ‘linguistic signpost’ that contributes to a well-constructed essay or argument. They provide a sense of clarity, coherence, fluency and logic to a piece of writing.
The discourse markers covered in the resources provided with this ‘toolkit’ are, essentially, for essay writing, but a list of more generally useful discourse markers is also included.
Why discourse markers are an essential teaching tool
For students, clarity and structure do not always come automatically. Students may be aware of the more basic, commonly used discourse markers in speech, such as then, so, after that, instead of…., but when faced with new forms of writing, extended writing or more formal writing; or when faced with the rigours of an argumentative essay, they often have trouble in ordering and sequencing their ideas fluently.
This is why discourse markers are an essential part of their own linguistic toolkit – and why they figure so highly in mark schemes and examiners’ comments.
Providing students with discourse markers as a ‘toolkit’ will help them in both their organisation of ideas and improve their written expression. More than this, a knowledge and use of discourse markers actually helps a student see how to write about a topic more clearly.
A straightforward example of how this works is to give a low set KS3 class who are stuck with ‘and’ and ‘then’, discourse markers which sequence simple materials such as: first, secondly, finally; ask them to find ideas to match with each discourse marker before and then write this up.
An extension would be to teach more complex essay structures that require an opinion supported by a clear argument.
By being able to use discourse markers, students will then be able to develop a clearer argumentative,...[ read full article ] »
Hot Entries, Writing, Descriptive Writing
Describe a visit to a fairground.
You should aim to write 1½-2 sides, perhaps 4-500 words, spending 40 minutes on the question.
Click on the link below to download this resource in Word format.
Drama, A Cream Cracker under the Settee (ACCUTS)
- ELLB3 Introduction
- Examination Essay Structure Four-Fold Response
- Four-Fold Response Teacher Notes
- Four-Fold Response Grid
- A3 Blank Four-Fold Response Grid
- A3 Blank Four-Fold Response Grid Teacher Notes
- ELLB3 Assess Question
- Exemplar Response Assess Essay
- ELLB3 Exemplar Response Paragraphs Teacher Notes
- Four-Fold Response Teacher Notes - Context
- Four-Fold Response Teacher Notes Interactional
- Four-Fold Response Teacher Notes on Lexis and Syntax
- Four-Fold Response Teacher Notes on Phonology
- Talk Features
- Talk Features Notes
- Key Talk Features Teacher Notes
- Talk Features Test
- Scene 1 - Additional Notes
ELLB3 Talk in Life and Literature
A Comprehensive Guide to the vocabulary needed and how it can be used to gain a top grade
ELLB3 is a module that requires a detailed understanding of how conversations work within life, and through this understanding that comments can then be made on how playwrights manipulate language, structure and form to create drama within a play. The following terminology can be used to answer both Question 1- the text based question and Question 2- the unseen question comparing a transcript with an extract from a play, prose or poetry.
It is essential that you have a good understanding of all of these terms and that you have practised applying and analysing them to the set text in addition to extracts from poems and novels. Whenever a talk feature is applied, the context of the conversation must be considered.
What is an everyday conversation?
The term conversation refers to talk that involves more than one participant. The connotations of ‘everyday conversation’ may suggest an interaction that is spontaneous, private, equal, perhaps trivial and usually polite. When applying this to the set text the public or private nature of the text should be considered carefully as this will have an impact on the language used.
It is important to note that when writing about your set text the person who is speaking in the conversation is referred to as the character or you specifically use the character’s name. Whereas, when responding to transcripts in Question 2 the person speaking is referred to as the speaker. Never refer to a character when responding to transcripts as this will lose you marks. To gain a top grade you must be clearly and consistently showing the examiner that you understand the differences between talk in life and literature.
How do conversations work?
Turn-taking is...[ read full article ] »
Poetry, Writing, Poetry Analysis
Poetic Techniques used in Stealing and My Last Duchess
Write examples of the poetic technique on the left from the two poems.
There may be just one example or several. Include as many as you can.
Leave the space blank if there are no examples of the technique in the poem.
Prose, Lord Of The Flies, Writing, Essays, Prose Analysis
A Scaffolded Essay Guide to Lord of the Flies
At the beginning of the novel, Ralph stands on his head and celebrates the fact that there are no adult survivors.
This is a dream come true. How does this dream turn into a nightmare?
It is true that at the beginning of the novel that in conversation with Piggy that Ralph celebrates the fact that there are no adults on the island. I think he…
Within hours of celebrating the lack of adult supervision. Ralph assumes the role of…
The dream really turns into a night mare when…
Another key aspect of the nightmare is when…
Some writers celebrate life. Golding seems to…
The author had read Coral Island and he was depressed by what he saw. In this tale… (You might need to google this to see why Golding was unhappy with children’s book)
Golding had been a school teacher, so he knew… (what might a teacher know about how REAL children behave? Just think of behaviour you see on the playground)
Golding had served in the armed forces. This experience taught him that… (what view of humanity might you get by witnessing war at close quarters? Would it disturb you in any way? How?)
The irony is that in the macrocosm or outer world, people are at war. This island is a microcosm. Instead of being a refuge from conflict, it is…
The central protagonists in this graphic tale are…
Piggy may lack charisma, but…
In Hebrew, “Beelzebub” appears as the name of a god worshipped by the Philistines. Reference to Beelzebub was almost certainly pejorative and grew to be used among other terms for Satan.
Ba‘al Zebûb means ’ ‘Lord of things that fly’ and this gives us the common translation “Lord of the Flies”. We can now see why Golding chose this translation as the name for his novel on the demonic actions of children.
In Christianity, the name Beelzebub may appear as an alternate name for Lucifer or the devil. As with several religions, the names of any earlier foreign or “pagan” deities often became synonymous with pejorative terms.
The boys on the island busy themselves looking for a beast or demon. We are painfully aware of the irony here. There is indeed a devil on the island… or rather several and they are openly on view. Looking closely at the action in Golding’s novel, I consider that ...………………………..could be described as a demon because ………………………..
The potential paradise becomes hell on earth...[ read full article ] »