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ELLA3 Adapting Text for the Spoken Mode

Beth Kemp | Wednesday January 12, 2011

Categories: AQA A Level English Language & Literature A, ELLA3, KS5 Archive, AQA A Level

Remember that scripted speech is written to sound ‘genuine’ and not too scripted. Therefore it:

  • May be more standard than spontaneous speech, but won’t be excessively formal
  • Is likely to use some kind of address to the audience – perhaps direct (second person pronouns: you/your) or inclusive (first person plural pronouns: we/us/our)
  • Will use contractions
  • Will avoid over-long and complicated sentences, although this does not mean it will only use simple sentences.

Remember also that, like spontaneous speech, scripted speech needs to make an impact on an audience quickly, even though it is ephemeral (very short-lived). Therefore it:

  • Will make its points clearly
  • Will repeat points using different phrasing, or revisit the same ideas
  • Is likely to use rhetorical features such as triadic lists, and balanced/repeated structures

Of course, these things are true of planned speeches and talks, which may rely heavily on rhetorical techniques.  However, they are also true of broadcast media genres such as documentaries and reports.

The set recast for the James Bulger piece is:
Using information from “On the Murder of James Bulger? (p. 240 – 246), produce the introduction to a TV documentary about Venables and Thompson, which will discuss contrasting views of them as monsters or as children.  Your introductory section should show a balance between these views, and use the information in the text.

Select the info that you will use, and then write up a 300 word script in pairs/threes. Following this, produce a bullet-point commentary, showing the 5 key points you would make about your text.

“Thank God I Let my Baby Live? (India Knight, 2004)
Select 5 quotations from the Knight text that you think are particularly effective in persuading, and explain how she uses language to create that effect.  You should write a couple of sentences about each quotation and use framework terms from at least 3 frameworks (persona/voice; structure;...

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